St. Paul Island
"The Graveyard of the Gulf"

Shipwrecks

St. Paul Island is infamous for the number of ships which have been wrecked on its rocks, earning it the nickname "The Graveyard of the Gulf". Experts say as many as 350 ships have met their end on St. Pauls rocky cliffs. Its location in the shipping lanes of the Cabot Strait, and the changeable weather conditions and fog in this area made it a treacherous hazard to navagation in centuries past.

"The Shipwreck"- A poem by Lord Byron

"Sally Greer"- A St. Paul Tune

July 5, 1881
ShipwreckTypeYearLocationNotes
1. AdaliaSteamshipJune 26, 1872Southern PartBritish, none lost
2. Alfred Taylar20 ton1904N/AN/A
3. Anna3 mastSeptember 8, 1874Goat RockFormer ClymeneClymene
4. Anna BSchoonerMarch 5, 1889N/ACollision
5. Annie F. HartiganSchoonerNov. 16, 1933Atlantic Cove38 ton former Victoria Kendall
6. ArcolaSteamshipJuly, 8, 1908Hay CoveLink2 Areola?
7. AtlodarN/AN/AN/AN/A
8. AuroraN/A1903Atlantic CoveCargo of steel rails
9. AuroreN/AJanuary 01, 1831N/AN/A
10. AvonaSteamerN/AN/AN/A
11. BanadianSchoonerN/AN/AN/A
12. BarbaraBrigApril 5, 1878Near SW LightN/A
13. BritonN/AN/AN/AN/A
14. Briton ElliotN/AN/ANear Aurora RocksN/A
15. BrodreneBarqueMay 26, 1896Anchor RockCrew Saved
16. BrunetteBarqueJuly, 1844Brunette CoveN/A
17. CanadaBrigMay 8, 1826NortheastBelfast to Quebec
18. CanadienneSchoonerOct. 26, 1909N/ALink2 , coal
19. CasabonaBarqueOctober 13, 1897SW PointMaria Casabone
20. ChelstonSteamerSeptember 12, 1919Viceroy CoveNB to Glasgow, Lumber
21. CorneliaBarquemay 15, 1872N/AN/A
22. DeodataN/AN/ATrinity CoveN/A
23. DevonshireSailingJune 5, 1870N/ALiverpool to Quebec
24. Doris V. DouglasWoodOctober 27, 1954N/AN/A
25. DuncanWooden1827Hay CoveN/A
26. ElliottSteamerMarch 17, 1904Atlantic CoveSealing, carried by drift ice
27. Elliott HesteSchoonerMarch 26, 1903Atlantic Cove227 Ton
28. EmperorBarqueNov 27,1871North16 lost, quebec to Bristol
29. EnchantressN/ASeptember 23, 1848Trinity CoveFrom Bristol, Capt. Findlater
30. England's QueenN/AMay 11, 1847N/AN/A
31. EudoraBarqueSept. 21, 1866N/A
32. FreemanN/AMay, 1820N/AGreenock to Pictou
33. George BarclayBrigJanuary 1, 1838N/AN/A
34. GlenlevetSteamerN/AN/AN/A
35. GlenroeBarqueJune 5, 1876SEGlencoe?
36. Great BritainMerchant ShipDec. 2, 1832Near Trinity CoveCrew of 29, 1 survivor
37. HarlawN/AApril 7, 19111 Mile North of islandSealing Harlow?
38. HeroSchoonerMay 8, 1831N/AN/A
39. HeronBarqueMay 26, 1874N/ABordeaux France to Que. {Maybe 1872?}
40. HoratiowoodMay 23, 1826N/AUK, Cptn. Peart
41. HunterShip1835N/AN/A
42. Irishmanimmigrant1834N/AIreland to Que.
43. IsabellaImmigrant1834UK to Que.British, 7 drowned
44. JamesImmigrantSpring, 1834N/ABritish, none lost
45. James A. McKeanSchoonerOctober 30, 1878N/AN/A
46. JaneBrigMay 7, 1834/TD>Anchor RocksUKto Que.
47. JessieBarqueJan. 1, 1824Jessie CoveLink2Link3
48. John and CharlotteN/A1822N/AN/A
49. JudiqueSchooner1841N/A
50. La CanadienneAugust 20, 1875SchoonerTrinity CoveN/A
51. MargaretIrish ImmigrantAbout 1834N/A
52. MargueriteN/AN/AN/AN/A
53. MaryBrigJuly 20, 1834NA2 Survivors
54. Mary PatriciaN/ASeptember 7, 1930N/A
55. Mette MargretheBarqueN/AN/ABurnt, 5 lost
56. MinerShipAug. 24, 1863N/A
57. MinervaN/AN/AN/AN/A
58. MitchellSchoonerN/AN/AN/A
59. MoonN/AN/AMoon Point
60. NoonN/A1834N/ABritish, none lost
61. NorwegianBarque/SteamJune 14, 1863Norwegian Head
62. Ocean BelleSchoonerJuly, 1873N/A
63. OlivetteBrigantineMay, 25, 1886N/A
64. PalaceBarqueN/AN/A
65. PallasShipMay 30,1856South sideCork to Quebec,82 lost NY TIMES Article
66. RajahgopaulN/ASept 4, 1870N/AEnglish none lost
67. RatchelN/AApril 18, 1847N/AN/A
68. RipplerBarqueNov 26, 1871N/AN/A
69. St. PetersburghN/AN/AN/AN/A
70. SavannahNAMay, 1820NALondon to Mirimachi
71. ScandanaviaShipJune 5, 1870N/AN/A>
72. SeaflowerSchoonerMay 23, 1844N/Ageneral cargo
73. SharkBrigJanuary 1, 1820N/AN/A
74. SovereignTroop TransportOct. 18, 1814Sovereign Cove
75. Stella MarisN/AN/AN/AN/A
76. SibylleN/ASep. 11. 1834Atlantic CoveIreland to Quebec
77. ThistleSchoonerMay 28, 1902N/AN/A
78. Turret BaySteamerMay 19, 1904Jessie CoveCoal, 9 saved
79. VanguardBarqueMay 24, 1845N/ACrew Saved
80. VenesianN/AN/AN/AN/A
81. Vice RoyN/ASept., 1855Viceroy CoveTo Liverpool, timber
82. WacustaN/AMay 28, 19101 Mi. W of SW pointN/A
83. WarwickN/AN/AN/AN/A
84. Wild WaveShipSept. 7, 1870N/A

Any information regarding St. Paul Island shipwrecks would be greatly appreciated.

The Sovereign

The Sovereign was wrecked on October 18, 1814 on the south side of St. Paul Island at a place that now bears her name, Sovereign Cove, just a little north of Atlantic Cove. Two days later Captain Kirby of the Transport ship Champion had observed smoke on the island, it induced him to approach and when he observed signal flags of distress he hove to and in consequence relieved the destitute survivors of the Sovereign”. The survivors arrived in Quebec on the 3rd of November. At the inquiry they stated that the ship was reduced to matchwood and went to pieces in 10 minutes. Her Master was S. Audus; she was owned by Barrack and Company, she was 373 tons and built in 1803. The Sovereign was en route from England to Quebec. It was also made known at the inquiry that the Sovereign also had on board a very large and very precious cargo of Mexican Silver Dollars, being shipped to Quebec to pay soldiers.

The following narrative was taken from the Quebec Mercury, Tuesday, November 8th 1814: “The loss of the Transport ship Sovereign bound from England to Quebec wrecked on the 18th of October last on the island of St. Paul in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. The Sovereign sailed from Portsmouth on the 1st of September last under convoy of HMS Zealous. She had on board 9 officers and 186 solders of the 49th. 58th. and 81st regiments, 2 sergeants, 21 women and children, in all including the Captain, Mate and 19 seamen formed a total of 239 persons. Only 37 people were saved.”

21. HUBERT6 AUCOIN (ANSELME5, PIERRE4, JEAN3, MARTIN2, MARTIN1) was born Aft. 1785, and died Bef. 1842 in Île Saint-Paul, Cape North, Inverness County, Nova Scotia144. He married MARIE-MAGDELÈNE BOIS July 25, 1812 in Chéticamp, Inverness County, Nova Scotia145, daughter of RÉGIS BOIS and APPOLINE ARSENAULT. She was born Abt. 1800145, and died Unknown.

Notes for HUBERT AUCOIN: "Norberts father, Hubert Aucoin, married to Marie (à Régis) Bois, had previously been the victim of a still more horrible death. Hubert Aucoin was probably the captain of the schooner. He and his companions left for the ice like the others. They did not return. No one had seen them. It is easy to imagine the desperate anxiety of the families involved for months, and even years, afterwards. The boat must have been broken up by the ice. The whole crew was lost. Hubert Aucoin must have clung to an ice floe which brought him to land on Île Saint-Paul (St. Paul's Island) at Cape North. A vessel, some years later, found his bones with this inscription: 'Hubert Aucoin, son of Anselme Aucoin, dead from hunger and thirst. If you find my body, please bury it.'"